Rabu, 14 Oktober 2009

Known About Millenium Development Goals

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
• Target 1: Halve the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day
o Proportion of population below $1 per day (PPP values)
o Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty]
o Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
• Target 2: Halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
o Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age
o Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
• Target 3: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
o Net enrollment ratio in primary education
o Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5
o Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
• Target 4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
o Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
o Ratio of literate females to males 15–24 years old
o Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
o Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
• Target 5: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
o Under-five mortality rate
o Infant (under 1) mortality rate
o Proportion of 1-year-old children immunised against measles
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
• Target 6: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
o Maternal mortality ratio
o Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
• Target 7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
o HIV prevalence among 15-24-year-old pregnant women
o Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate
o Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS
• Target 8: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
o Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
o Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures
o Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
o Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course)
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
• Target 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
o Proportion of land area covered by forest
o Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area
o Energy use (metric ton oil equivalent) per $1 GDP (PPP)
o Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita) and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs (ODP tons)
o Proportion of population using solid fuels
• Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (for more information see the entry on water supply)
o Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural
• Target 11: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers
o Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation
o Proportion of households with access to secure tenure (owned or rented)
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
• Target 12: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system [Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally]
• Target 13: Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) [Includes: tariff and quota free access for LDC exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA (Overseas Development Assistance) for countries committed to poverty reduction]
o Net ODA, total and to LDCs, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ GNI
o Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
o Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
• Target 14: Address the Special Needs of landlocked countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the 22nd special session of the General Assembly)
o ODA received in landlocked countries as proportion of their GNIs
o 'ODA received in small island developing States as proportion of their GNIs
• Target 15: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
o Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and from LDCs, admitted free of duties
o Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
o Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as percentage of their GDP
o Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
o Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
o Debt relief committed under HIPC initiative, US$
o Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
• Target 16: In co-operation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
o Unemployment rate of 15-to-24-year-olds, each sex and total
• Target 17: In co-operation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries
o Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
• Target 18: In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
o Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population
o Personal computers in use per 100 population and Internet users per 100 population

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